In the latter half, Robert M. Schoch, Ph.D discussed how coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from the Sun unleashed discharges upon Earth which triggered massive earth and climate changes, and decimated civilizations which predated Egypt. It's a misconception that the lull in current solar activity protects us from the possibility of major flares or large CMEs, he commented. The sun has shown some relatively unstable patterns, and the Carrington Event of 1859 (which damaged telegraph wires) happened during a fairly quiet cycle, he noted. Schoch speculated that solar outbursts are what brought the last Ice Age to an end around 9700 BC. He reported on his recent visit to Easter Island, where he learned that the natives of the island were said to retreat to underground caves during periods of harsh conditions which may have been related to solar outbursts. He also discussed his research at the mysterious Gobekli Tepe site in Turkey, as well as a yet unexplored underground chamber found in front of the Sphinx's paw in Egypt. He expressed concern that this chamber, which might house the legendary Hall of Records, could be flooded due to changes in the climate and the water table. Among Schoch's upcoming events is the Ancient Alien Cruise in January (also featuring David Hatcher Childress and Hugh Newman) that will explore Mayan ruins in the Yucatan.